The history of blackjack is still under discussion today. While there is no clear consensus about when blackjack was first created or who it was created by, most historians believe that blackjack was likely created by French casinos in the 17th century. They believe that the game of blackjack was derived from the French card games Ferme and Chemin de Fer, which were extremely popular games in the 1700s when King Louis XV was reigning monarch.
However, others disagree. They believe that blackjack was the invention of the Romans. While this theory may be true, it has never been proven.
Even though we may not know exactly when or where blackjack was first created, we do know a lot about its history and how the game has evolved over the centuries. Keep reading below to find out how this much loved game has changed through time:
Blackjack in the 18th Century
As we mentioned above, there is no clear consensus of where blackjack originated, but most researchers believe that it originated in French casinos in the 17th century. The original game in France was called twenty one (or Vingt-et-Un in French). Some historians believe that the game of Vingt-et-Un may have however been influenced by other games in Europe, such as Spanish Trent-Un (One and Thirty) and French Quinze (Fifteen).
The card game blackjack (known then as Vingt-et-Un) was first introduced in the UK in the 18th century. This game was slightly different to the game we play today. Not only has the name changed, but there are also some other differences including:
- In the 18th century the dealer’s second card was often visible to players
- In the 18th century dealers were able to make their own decisions
However, once the game had begun, it would follow similar rules to the ones we have today e.g. they would need to have up to 16 points and stay on 17 points or more.
Blackjack in the 19th Century
This popular game didn’t develop or spread in France during the 19th century, but it did become more popular in other areas of the world. In fact, in the 19th century blackjack became one of the most popular card games played in the UK and America.
Blackjack in the Casino Era
In the early 1950s the first blackjack card counters appeared. Gamblers would use card counters to help them win games as card counting could give them an edge over the house. In 1963 a computer scientist named Harvey Dubner introduced a new method of card counting. This was called the high-low method. Remember, while card-counting can help players to win money, it’s often illegal in casinos around the world and blackjack dealers are usually highly trained in spotting potential card counters.
Another change we saw at the beginning of the 20th century was a change in the name of this popular game. In the 19th century, the game of blackjack was still known as Vingt-et-Un to players around the world. It wasn’t until the 20th century that the name of this game was changed to blackjack. Some of the rules were also changed at this time.
Blackjack is one of the most popular games in the UK and around the world. Over the last few years its popularity has only increased thanks to the introduction of online casinos.
Online casinos allow you to play games from the comfort of your own home. Not only that, they’re also available 24/7 meaning you can play whenever you want. Casinos are constantly introducing new technology in order to provide their customers with a better experience.
Today, most online casinos have both classic versions of blackjack for players to enjoy as well as a range of altered versions with different features and rules included. You can find out more about playing online blackjack by clicking here.
While we may not know the exact origin of blackjack, many researchers believe that it was created in France in the 17th century. This amazing game has undergone a few changes over the years. Not only have some of the rules changed, but it has also changed its name from Vingt-et-Un to blackjack.